Periodontal / Gum Disease
Gum disease is an infection in the gums which can migrate to the bones surrounding the teeth, once it progresses. This causes bone loss around the roots and supporting structure of the teeth and is known as Periodontal Disease. Periodontal disease occurs when your system has been trying to fight off the plaque bacteria for so long that your immune response begins to damage your gum tissue and the bone that supports your teeth. Most cases of periodontal or gum disease develop because of bacterial plaque that builds up on teeth over time. Plaque is a sticky, colorless film that stimulates an inflammatory response of the gum tissue. Although plaque is the most common cause of periodontal disease, lifestyle or hereditary factors play a significant role in the health of the gums. As the bacteria gets into your bone and bloodstream it can become a systemic problem leading to an increase in the risk of stroke, diabetes and cardiac issues. Patients with tobacco use may be at a higher risk for developing periodontal disease because tobacco tends to increase plaque and increases infection.The most common symptoms of gum and periodontal disease are as follows:
- Swollen and bleeding gums
- Bad Breath
- Loose or separating teeth
- Change in the way the teeth fit together
Once you are diagnosed with periodontal disease, Dr. Potter will use advanced techniques to control and treat the infection and to allow you to regain the health of your mouth. While there are a wide range of treatments to address these issues such as pocket depth reduction, laser therapy and deeper cleanings, Dr. Potter will discuss the best options with you during your consultation.